Quebec’s new pet and breeding law prohibits declawing, tail docking and other cosmetic surgeries

New regulations on owning and raising pets in Quebec came out this week.

They include major advances in companion animal care and the humane treatment of horses. The new Animal Welfare and Safety Act would also ban non-therapeutic surgeries like declawing in cats and tail or ear docking in dogs.

Controversial procedures are those that most veterinarians no longer perform.

“We are trying to impress upon clients that these are invasive procedures, not a simple procedure but actual surgical amputation,” said veterinarian Dr Isak Kusato.

The regulations also prohibit the use of gas chambers for euthanasia and ban the use of prong collars for dogs. The Pierrefonds Veterinary Hospital does not even stock these products.

“Claw collars, people don’t understand that they’re much more harmful than they think, and that won’t fix the behavior problem,” Kusato said. “There are many other non-aggressive ways to deal with the behavior you’re trying to stop.”

The bill also provides for a maximum of 50 cats or dogs belonging to the same breeder.

The Humane Society International Canada said it was a good decision, but not ambitious enough. says Ewa Demianowicz

“If you think about it, 50 animals in a single facility can equate to hundreds of puppies a year, and it’s usually one or two people caring for them,” said Ewa Demianowicz, senior campaign manager. of the Humane Society.

The rule is an effort to reduce puppy mills.

Demianowicz said the Humane Society raided puppy mills where more than 500 dogs were being bred for sale.

Still, the Humane Society said the changes must have more teeth – the law must be enforced.

“It’s great to have legislated improvements on paper, (but) it won’t make a practical difference for animals if we don’t have inspectors,” Demianowicz said.

She wants assurances that investigators will visit breeding facilities and check for neglect situations.

The Montreal SPCA has been calling for these changes for years and wants even more since, the organization specifies, the permanent chaining of dogs and animals used in research will not be protected by the new laws.