UAM’s Cattle Breeding Program Enters New Phase | New

MONTICELLO — The University of Arkansas cattle herd at Monticello is being upgraded, receiving more than two dozen handpicked Beefmaster cows and calves donated by James and Mary Ann Skelton of Springdale.

“I didn’t want UAM to have scrubs,” 77-year-old James Skelton. “I sell, so I donated the best end of my cows.”

At one time, Skelton and his brother managed over 300 head of Beefmaster cattle.

“My brother left the company, and now it’s just my two sons,” Skelton said. “We have around 60 cows. They too now want to get out of the cattle trade. So it’s a good time.

UAM has had cattle on its campus for a long time, beginning as a research and demonstration herd managed by the University of Arkansas System Division of the Southeastern Research and Extension Center. agriculture. When the Center closed, the herd was transferred to the UAM.

“With the change in ownership, the focus of the cattle operation also changed. We were suddenly tasked with the need for our cattle to produce calves to generate income so the farm could be financially self-sufficient,” said Rocky Lindsey, veterinarian and partner. animal science teacher.

Genetic improvements

UAM Farm Manager Greg Montgomery said the donated cattle, which arrived in May, have excellent characteristics that help improve the quality of the UAM herd.

“We get proven genetics,” Montgomery said.

“There are three boxes we try to check. The first is visual assessment; we want them to look pretty as you go down the road. The next two boxes included the pedigree: what ancestry do they have and did they produce recognizable genetics? ” he said.

“The third box is about EPDs or expected progeny differences. These three things can get really complex, but it’s pretty simple once you know the process. If we tick all three boxes, we’re improving our cattle,” said said Montgomery.

Beefmasters Breeders United helps track all cow data.

“They have lineage; they are given a number, the animal’s birth weight is recorded, weaning weight and yearling weight. By the time you’re done, you have a huge database to help you improve the quality of your herd,” he said.

Beat the competition

UAM does not often participate in competitions with its livestock. However, last year Montgomery and a student tested the waters at the Arkansas State Fair. The result was a measuring stick.

“The results couldn’t have been better,” Montgomery said. “We were at the state fair in 2021. We had a heifer and a bull. Our bull won the Arkansas Championship and Grand Champion Beefmaster Bull.

“We came out of there with a lot of purple ribbons. For me, it was the first time I did that,” he said. “Even as a kid, I had never won the state fair. It was cool to do that for college and a cool thing for me.

Montgomery said UAM student Rayvin Callaway showed the cattle and “she did a terrific job. Congratulations to her for the work she has done. We hope to have more interaction with students in the future by showing our livestock. »

“Herd’s goals with the Agriculture System Division at the University of Arkansas were teaching and research. Generating income through the sale of livestock was not the goal,” Lindsey said. “We will still use them as a teaching herd and do quality research, but the focus has changed since UAM took ownership of the cattle. We now want to help the UAM farm grow and sustain itself.

“We can brand our UAM university name and become well known. We’re starting to be recognized as a quality Beefmaster breeder. It adds value to our cattle,” Lindsey said.

“Everything we do here on this cow farm will have a student involved,” Montgomery said. “At the end of the day, whatever we do to improve the college herd; the student is 100% involved on the job. As the herd gains prominence, the university also builds its name and reputation. This means more opportunities for the student.

top five

Skelton became familiar with the UAM breeding program about five years ago. At that time, Bill Pendergrass, executive vice president of Beefmasters Breeders United, told Skelton that UAM needed a bull to raise their cows. Skelton called Montgomery and told them that at school he could use one of his best bulls for a few months. The bull was one of the top five Beefmasters. The bull and the cows have done their job producing the best calves. However, the closure of the Southeast Research and Extension Center meant that Montgomery had to start over.

The “donation we received was very beneficial, with no strings attached,” Lindsey said. “Some of the cattle we were originally going to sell, the donation agreement allowed us to do that, but instead the quality of the animals we received were incredibly good. These cows and calves will now be integrated into our existing breeding program.