Vietnam to share fish farming techniques

Agriculture Minister Veng Sakhon visited a fish farm in Kampong Chhnang province in May last year. Facebook

Vietnam will share its knowledge with members of the Cambodian Aquaculture Association (CAA) on juvenile farming techniques to enhance farming capacity and produce better quality and increased quantities of fish at competitive prices .

From July 4 to 10, members will be at Can Tho University in the Mekong Delta, southern Vietnam, for a study tour, thanks to financial assistance provided by Aquaculture Commercialization for the Sustainable Trade (CAST) and the American Soybean Association (ASA).

CAA member Lem Phovarith told the Post that prior to his visit to Vietnam, experts from Can Tho University conducted six training sessions for the association.

However, Cambodia lacks modern equipment and facilities and can only learn the theoretical aspects, which prompted CAST and ASA to help out so that members can learn better on the site itself.

“We expect our members who are breeders and producers of juveniles to gain more knowledge and experience through this study trip.

“This will encourage them to invest more in the production of juveniles and reduce imports from Vietnam. Currently, Cambodia only produces around one million juveniles per year,” Phovarith said.

Previously, experts from Can Tho University taught members how to raise and cultivate the species, including juvenile “chdo” fish (Channa micropeltes), “chhpeun” (cyprinid fish of the genus Hypsibarbus) and fish- “pra” shark cats, all of which have high demand in the market.

Hav Viseth, deputy director of the Fisheries Administration (FiA) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, said aquaculture development in neighboring countries and across ASEAN has 10 to 20 years ahead of Cambodia.

Therefore, gaining knowledge from these countries is a good opportunity to strengthen the fisheries sub-sector in Cambodia.

He said production of juvenile fish in Cambodia was steadily increasing, although it was not enough to meet demand.

A further increase in production by the FiA with the help of the EU will allow for increased training by overseas experts in juvenile production techniques in August.

“After receiving technical training from experts, we can continue to provide local training on seed production. We need to develop the production of juveniles to increase aquaculture productions in order to reduce imports,” he said.

The Ministry of Agriculture has encouraged the development of aquaculture with farmers and investors to ensure a steady supply and quality of juveniles, fewer imports and a balanced market price.

“The ministry has also provided technical support to the aquaculture sector to increase revenue,” Minister Veng Sakhon said on July 1, marking the 20th National Fish Day.

He noted that the policy direction of the ministry is to increase the efficiency and sustainability of fisheries resource management by strengthening the implementation of fisheries laws and increasing aquaculture production by 20% per year.

In 2021, FiA statistics showed that the production of juveniles in aquaculture stations and centers nationwide, coupled with the production of farmers, amounted to more than 324 million juveniles.

This is an increase of more than 37% compared to 2020. The country, however, needs some 500 million juveniles to meet local demand, a gap that is filled by imports from Vietnam.