Why Pet Breeding Businesses in Indonesia Are So Controversial and Still Thrive in Big Cities

JAKARTA, June 13 (Jakarta Post/ANN): Often criticized by animal rights activists, pet farmers in Indonesia are seeing their businesses continue to thrive, especially in major cities.

From breeding typical domesticated animals like cats to more exotic creatures like turtles, the profession has made a lot of profits over the years, especially now that people are trying to bring nature closer to home.

Businesses will always have their pros and cons, and the pet farming industry is no different. The industry has flourished, especially after the Covid-19 pandemic.

“Pet farming has indeed been very busy, especially in 2020-21 – the start of the pandemic when many people were looking for a business to do from home as they had the option of working from home.

“For example, just look at the booming trend of ornamental fish, such as betta fish, and reptiles such as turtles, geckos and others,” said Andrie Kriesniawan, owner of Manggala Cattery in East Jakarta.

According to Astria Muktihapsari, veterinarian at Pet Hut Sinau Satwa Citra Raya in Tangerang, the pet farming business itself is where farming is done for commercial purposes, raising pets for profit.

“Its activities include the selection [process] by breeders to find top quality seeds, organize mating activity and supervise or assist in the birth of litters,” she said.

A biased company

Andrie, who started Manggala Cattery in 2010, breeds other types of animals besides purebred and mixed breed cats, including tarantulas, leopard geckos, betta fish and guppies.

However, according to Andrie, this is just his hobby. “I won’t say it’s a business because if it’s a business, it means I’m earning some sort of monetary profit,” he said.

“I just have a hobby of raising animals, the benefit for me is just channeling my hobby. Even if I make money, it goes to my pets for the cost of maintenance because apart from breeding, I have also saved several abandoned kittens.”

Pieter Richardo Jawono, a 24-year-old animal enthusiast from Surabaya, shares the same view.

“Pet breeders are, in my opinion, people who love animals and want to make it their business, do what they love,” said Pieter, who has been a compassionate fan of dogs since he was young. 10 years old.

However, Maria Josephine Kriesye, a cat lover from Surabaya, has another concern about the business. Pet farming has its own controversies, such as animal abuse and ecological imbalance.

“To my limited knowledge, … somehow they make some sort of modification to produce a new type of pet, instead of letting the mating process continue naturally,” said the 46-year-old man.

Andrie refuted this view, saying that most pet breeders do it as a hobby because, unlike raising animals for human consumption, most of the time benefits did not cover the costs.

“Take cats, for example. Adopters or pet buyers will choose to look for one that matches their desires and has good quality, while to get that good quality, [the animals] require maximum care because apart from health, they must also be able to show beauty and [high] quality to their racing standards,” Andrie said.

“The adopters and buyers always carefully check details such as eye size, eye shape, eye color, fur thickness, tailbone, nose shape, ear size, settings ears, the shape of the chin, the muzzle and other [things].”

Highs and lows

Regardless of love or purity of business purpose, pet breeders have existed in Indonesia for a long time. But being a pet breeder also comes with several challenges.

“Every company always [has] its own challenges. For pet breeders, a bad or rainy season can impact the health of their pets and increase the price of [the animal’s] food,” Pieter said.

“The challenges for me are health issues and a lack of space in my house,” Andrie said. However, Andrie also benefits. “I can do my hobbies, gain new experiences and knowledge, gain additional knowledge and make new friends.

In fact, my weekend schedule from late May to September is almost full as I am traveling to Indonesia to be a cat show judge. »

Some animal lovers believe that animals have souls like humans.

Caroline Beauty Stacia, 25, an animal lover currently studying in New York, is adamant that pet parents experience grief when separated from their babies, similar to the griefs humans feel when they lose a child.

“The bad thing about breeding is the grief of the parents.

When we give away puppies for money, it may not mean much to humans, but it will definitely break the mother’s heart,” she said.

“Most breeders don’t care about litter and parent conditions as long as they get money.”

Maria, who believes that the business of breeding pets is about retrieving the best characteristics from the parent stock, explained the downsides that can affect a litter.

“Some monetize the activity [of breeding]and to sell [an animal that fits] preference of society, maybe they only think about business [and] profit. A weak can be born [and removed, then] the weak suffer abandonment. Defective or ugly animals are considered a failed product.”

In this regard, Andrie, who has ventured from one pet community to another, said that breeders have certain responsibilities towards animals.

“Breeders need to consider the future of their pets by handing them over to responsible people. Because as the owner changes, the responsibility for maintenance also changes,” he said.

“Breeders should provide advice and consultation if the new owner has any maintenance issues, such as adapting habits to a new home, as well as recommending vets if there are any health concerns.”

In the wings

Not all pet breeders treat their pets improperly, and some even go the extra mile to ensure the health of their pets. As a pet lover, Pieter testified that pet breeders’ animals grew stronger than ordinary animals.

“I think raising pets can provide healthy, insensitive products [to illness] and strong animals to sell to customers,” he said.

Astria shared this opinion, believing that this was usually the case when responsible breeders managed the breeding process. However, she warned new breeders and hobby breeders that each animal has its own time to mate.

“Helping them reproduce is fine, but you shouldn’t force it, let alone torture them in the process,” she explained.

“There are a lot of unscrupulous breeders who like to give their own hormonal drugs [to force mating between animals] without consulting veterinarians.

As a result, the dosage is not correct, [which hurts them].”

From a sales perspective, as a pet lover and responsible breeder, Andrie interviewed all potential buyers or adopters of the animals he bred to ensure animal welfare.

“A responsible breeder will give their pet to a future owner who is also responsible and caring… However, irresponsible breeders will sell animals to anyone based on sale value without looking at the track record of potential buyers “Andrie said. .

“In fact, there are also those who sell them to pet stores for resale. This means that they simply wash their hands of the animal’s fate.” – Jakarta Post/ANN